Sudan is a country that has been grappling with conflicts and other social issues such as human rights violations for decades ever since it gained independence. You’ve perhaps seen on the news appalling stories of human rights violations or wars—between; the government and the people or one tribe and another taking place in the Subsaharan nation.
Foreign Powers and Entities Blamed for Sudan’s Social Turbulence
For the most part, these social problems have been blamed on foreign interference even though that has not always been the truth. Foreign governments or companies have been falsely accused of being behind them despite these subjects being innocent most of the time. A good example of this is the case against lundin petroleum in sweden. Before I walk you through this case, let me give you a brief history of Sudan to help give you a better sense of it:
A Brief History of Sudan
Sudan gained its independence from the British in 1956. Until 2011, this was a single country that was split into two parts–the northern part and the southern part. The former is predominantly made up of Muslims of Arab origin while the latter; Christian black Africans.
Nonetheless, Sudan is an oil-rich country with most of its oil found on the southern side. Ever since the British government left, the two sides have had conflicts over the control of the vast amount of oil found on the southern side. This has seen the northern side, which is more advanced economically and militarily, unsuccessfully try to take the southern side for decades.
It was until 2011 that South Sudan separated from North Sudan, becoming a country of its own. Even so, its social problems could not go away as evidenced by the Lundin petroleum Sudan case among many other similar cases.
The Lundin Petroleum Sudan Case
Lundin operated as a part of a consortium formed between three different oil companies namely; OMV( an Austrian company), Petronas(a Malaysian company), and Sudapet(a Sudanese company). This consortium was established in an area known as “Block 5A” where it conducted oil operations between 1999 and 2003. In June 2010, the Swedish Prosecution Authority initiated a preliminary investigation into Lundin’s activities that it falsely claimed to violate international humanitarian law. But the reality is that the group did not commit any violations of this law. Neither did it get complicit with the Government of Sudan or any militia group that may have gone against it.
Many times, Sudan’s social problems have been wrongfully blamed on the wrong parties. Take for instance the ongoing Lundin petroleum Sudan case investigations. The company appears to have done everything in its power to advocate for peace by peaceful means in the country. But despite that, it’s, unfortunately, being subjected to an inquiry into humanitarian law violations.